The Louvre is perhaps the world's greatest museum. It is also a fine example of French Renaissance architecture. The original Louvre was built during the 13th century by Phillip Augustine II, to defend Paris against the English and the Normans. During the 17th century Louis XIII upgraded the Louvre and added new facades to the east wing.
The first museum was opened in 1793 and it consisted mostly of Royal treasures and paintings, and was enhanced by artifacts brought from the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars.
At present the Louvre includes Oriental antiquities, Egyptian antiquities, Greek and Roman collections, sculptures dating back to the Middle Ages, furniture and objects of art, and of course the European Art Collection. A special section has been allocated to Islamic art.
Among all of its artifacts, the Louvre is best known for its collection of great artwork. Famous works include Leonardo Da Vinci's Mona Lisa, Veronese's Wedding at Cana, and the Venus de Milo.